Located on the banks of the River Danube , Budapest is the capital of Hungary and the largest city in the country. Eight road bridges and two railway bridges cross the Danube within the precincts of the city. These bridges form an inalienable part of the city-scape. The bridges in the city-centre – the Margaret (Margit), Chain (Lánc), Elizabeth (Erzsébet), and the Liberty (Szabadság) Bridge– are determining elements of the city’s panorama.
Castle Hill is a 1,5km long hill, overlooking the Danube, located in Budapest’s No1 District.
The Old Town occupies the larger part of Castle Hill – it is also referred to as the Buda Castle; the Royal Palace occupies the southern portion.
Because of its medieval origins, 17th and 18th centuries monuments, and its historical significance, the Old Town is Budapest’s primary tourist attraction. It has been on UNESCO’S World Heritage List since 1987.
The most important sights in the castle are the Matthias Church , the Fishermen’s Bastion and the Royal Palace . Walking along the medieval streets of the Old Town one comes across numerous historic dwellings, public buildings as well as many museums. The Castle offers wonderful panoramas of the Danube, its bridges, and of the Pest side.
The Old Town can be comfortably approached on foot via a track under the Fishermen’s Bastion, via the funicular railway, or by bus.
Andrássy Avenue provides one of Budapest’s most popular venues for strollers. One of the Avenue’s greatest attractions is the Millennium Underground Railway, this was the second to be built world-wide, and the first on the continent. Andrássy Avenue was placed on the World Heritage List in 2002.
The Synagogue in Dohány Street is the largest one still functioning in Continental Europe. The use of two towers with onion-shaped domes, as an architectural feature in synagogues, was employed here for the first time in Hungary; it subsequently had a major influence on the evolution of synagogue architecture in the country regions.
Parliament House is one of the capital’s, in fact the nation’s, most imposing buildings. Built between 1884 and 1902, the Neo-Gothic building is one of the symbols of the capital.
With its imposing 96m height, and 268m length, it is one of the definitive buildings along the banks of the Danube.
The Museum of Fine Arts in Budapest is considered to be in the front rank of European museums. It deservedly takes a prominent place amongst the museums serving a similar function, by virtue of the diversity, and historic continuity, of its exhibits, and the multitude of masterpieces in its possession.