Black Sea Coast natural attractions
The South-Eastern region is probably the most diverse region. It spans from the southern Black Sea coast to the Strandzha Mountains, and north to the far eastern parts of the Balkan Range and the vast Thracian plain.
The Black Sea coast reveals one of the most impressive bird sights in Europe. Every year hundreds of thousands of birds migrate via Bulgaria in all directions. Via Pontica is the major migration route. The locality of Poda near Bourgas has a special visitors centre. On a tiny area just one square km big are found nearly 270 species of birds. It is one of Europe’s top places for bird watching.
Exceptional diversity of flora and fauna is found in Nature Park Strandzha. It has five reserves and is the largest protected territory in Bulgaria. The specific location of this mountain, between the Black Sea and the Mediterranean, and its geological form determine the rich biodiversity of this oldest dry land on the Balkans. Almost half of all the plant species in Bulgaria can be found in the park. The bush Rhododendron ponticum is the park’s symbol. Another species that has world importance is the yellow water lily (Nuphar lutea).
Rocky cliffs in Sozopol
There is another nature park in the region called Sinite Kamani, the Blue Rocks. It is a place of great biodiversity. The endemic plant, alone, has nearly 50 species. The most famous plant here is the tulip (Tulipa urumovii). There are more than 160 bird species. Century old beech forests grow amidst vertical limestone rock formations.
The seacoast shelters several reserves with biodiversity unique to Bulgaria. The estuaries of the rivers Rhopotamo and Veleka are covered with lianas and other climbing plants.