Located 60 km east of Prague, Kutná Hora is an architecturally rich town. The historical center represents a unique ensemble of more than three hundred medieval and Baroque buildings.
The town was built in the early Middle Ages, in the middle of an extensive silver ore field. The deposits were systematically used from the 13th century and soon after, the mine at Kutná Hora was already providing about one third of total European silver production.
Thanks to its silver mines, Kutná Hora became the second most significant town after Prague.
Cathedral of St. Barbara in Kutná Hora
The most important buildings are the Gothic St. James’ Church from 1330, the Gothic five-nave St. Barbara’s Cathedral from 1368 and the complex of Vlašský dvůr (Italian Court) from the 13th century.
The interior of the Church of St. Barbara undoubtedly ranks among the best examples of Late Gothic architecture in Bohemia. The historical center of the Kutná Hora was put on UNESCO World Heritage List.
Italian Court in Kutná Hora, Czech Republuc