Located in the north part of the Czech Republic, Terezín is mainly known by its concentration camp and former fortress. The town was founded by Emperor Josef II at the end of the 18th century when a military fortress was built here to defend the route from Dresden to Prague. Terezin Fortress comprises three main sections: the Main Fortress, the Small fortress and the Upper and Lower Entrenchments.
The fortress was run as a concentration camp by the Nazis during the occupation of Czechoslovakia. More than 150,000 prisoners suffered in the camp’s ghetto and more than 35,000 Jews lost their lives here. A small museum and a Memorial to the victims of the Holocaust remind of the concentration camp, now. The Terezín military complex is on the UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List.
Memorial Terezin - Camp of Death