Spreading along the shores of the Gulf of Finland, on the Baltic Sea, Tallinn is not just Estonia’s capital, and financial and cultural centre, but it is also one of the Baltic cities which has mellowed best with age.
Tallinn boasts the region’s best preserved medieval city-centre, which is on the UNESCO World Heritage List. Once a rich member of the Hanseatic League, the city has had a very colourful past –historically it has belonged to Denmark, Sweden, The Order of Teutonic Knights, the Russian Empire, and later, also to the Soviet Union.
Tallinn has grown to become the area’s most popular tourist attraction. Most of its sights are concentrated in the historic city-centre, and these can be comfortably visited on foot.
Tallinn, Old Town
The historic city-centre is surrounded by a wall which was progressively erected between the 13th and 16th centuries; at one time this city-wall formed Northern-Europe’s strongest fortification. A close to two kilometres long section of the medieval city-wall is still standing, and with its 26 towers, it defines the outline of the old-city The Late-Gothic style Town Hall, in the Town Hall Square, built between 1402 and 1404, deserves special mention - it is the only intact monument of this architectural style remaining in the Baltic area, or Northern-Europe.
One can spend hours roaming the narrow, medieval lanes of the old-city, among the medieval churches, museums, and inviting restaurants and cafés.