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Berlin

 

As one of Europe's leading cultural cities Berlin offers many museums, historic sites and other places for a memorable visit.

Many landmarks remind us of the long history of Berlin, the remains of the destruction during World War II and it's history when it was divided between east and west. Even though Berlin is a large metropolis orientating yourself in Berlin isn't hard at all. There are three prominent landmarks: the Church of Remembrance (the Gedächtniskirche), located in the West on the Kurfürstendamm, the Brandenburger Tor in the city district of Mitte, and the Fernsehturm (TV- tower) at Alexanderplatz in the East. Round and about these three points of interest lie the inner districts of Berlin.

Berlin Brandenburg Gate
Brandenburg Gate in Berlin


The 365-meter high tower TV Tower was built between 1965 and 1969 and is located in East Berlin it reminds us of the time when Berlin was divided. Now it's a symbol of a united city. And as one of the highest buildings in Europe it offers an marvellous view of the city both during the day and night. You can visit the observation platform located at a height of 203 meters or dine at the restaurant while enjoying the view.

The Brandenburg Gate, Berlin's only remaining city gate, is the most known towns landmark and also symbol of the division and reunion of the city. It was situated in the no man's land just behind the wall and reopened after the Fall of the Wall on December 22, 1989. The sandstone construction, built from 1788-91 to plans by C.G. Langhans, has 12 Doric columns and is based on the propylaeum of the Acropolis in Athens.

Berlin Charlottenburg palace
Charlottenburg palace


In 1891-95, in a new-Romanesque style, the original Gedächtniskirche was built to honour the memory of Kaiser Wilhelm I and represented a symbol of the era of the German Empire. During the Second World War, the church was heavily damaged but not completely destroyed. The remaining ruins reminded the local population about the bombings of the war and were transformed into a small museum and into a memorial. In 1961-63, next to the church, the high six-sided bell tower and the flat eight-sided main building were built. The old tower ruins serve today as a church museum and a remembrance hall for peace and reconciliation.

The Reichstag is a very important site in German history - its colourful past reflects the turbulence of German history since the 19th century. The Reichstag was constructed from 1884-94 by Paul Wallot, since a representative building was needed to house the parliament of the newly-founded German state. On 9 November 1918, the politician Philipp Scheidemann announced the establishment of the Republic from one of its windows. After the war, the devastated building was rebuilt in a simplified form from 1961-1971, but it was not used for parliamentary functions. After reunification, the German Federal Government decided to use the building as a parliament once again. From 1994-1999 the Reichstag was reconstructed and extended by the Architect Sir Norman Forster Since 1999 the Reichstag is home to the Bundestag (the lower Parliament).

Berlin wall
Berlin wall


The Berlin Wall was originally one hundred miles long and was constructed by the Communist government of the former east. All that is left today are a few sections of the wall near the Ostbahnhof and the Reichstag. These sections have been preserved to remind Berliners of the 28-year division of their city. The remnants of the Berlin Wall now serve as an outdoor gallery of art from local and city artists.

 
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