Located in the northern part of Hungary, about 70 km northeast of Miskolc, the historic town of Sárospatak (beside Tokaj) is one of the most popular tourist places in the region.
Both the development of the town, and the strengthening of its central role in the area, were boosted by the erection of the castle. The earliest part of the castle was built after the Tartar invasion. The Vörös-Tower dates from the second-half of the 15th century. Large-scale alterations to the keep occurred during the Perényis’ tenure. A protective wall, with small towers, encircled the other sides of the palace.
The next major alterations are attributed to György Rákóczi I - when the Oroszlán-, Máté-, Tömlöc- and the Zombori- bastions were erected. It was also at this time that the Lórántffy Wing was added. All the additions to the castle were completed by 1666.
The most attractive part of the castle, architecturally, is Zsuzsanna Lórántffy’s room with its balcony. Today the castle serves as a permanent home for the Rákóczi Museum, which is part of the Hungarian National Museum.
The Sárospatak Calvinist College, founded in 1531, was Hungary’s most eminent institution at the time. Between 1650 and 1654, Comenius, the inverntor of the modern education system, taught at the College. The College experienced its golden age during the 16th- - 17th centuries. The former Calvinist college’s three-storey main wing houses a museum and the library of historic volumes.