Bialowieza National Park
Bialowieza Primeval Forest is situated between Belarus and Poland. On the Polish side, Bialowieza National Park mainly covers the area; it is situated in the eastern part of Poland, about 60 km southeast of Bialystok and 190 km northeast of Warsaw. Bialowieza National Park occupies over 100 km².
Bialowieza Primeval Forest is the only remaining part of the original forest, which once covered the Eastern European Plain. Bialowieza Primeval Forest was inscribed on UNESCO World heritage List in 1992. About 100,000 tourists visit Bialowieza National Park, annually. Most of the visitrors find accommodations in the little village of Bialowieza located in the very heart of the Bialowieza Forest.
Bialowieza National Park, Poland (Photo GNU)
The Bialowieza Forest, in parts swampy, is covered with mixed forests untouched by man, with oak, hornbeam, spruce and pine being the predominant species. The most valuable fragments of Bialowieza Forest are protected and enclosed within the boundaries of the Bialowieza National Park, half of which constitutes a strict nature reserve. The nature reserve can only be entered with a guide and toured on foot along signposted trails or more comfortably, by horse-drawn cart.
Bialowieza is famous for its herds of bison, where the animals are bred in their natural habitat. In the demonstration section you can also see the zubron, a cross between a bison and a cow, and the tarpan, Polish cousin of the extinct wild Ukrainian Steppe horses.