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Gamzigrad - Felix Romuliana



 


South of the Danube, about 20 km south from Brestovac, are the ruins of the late-Roman fortress Gamzigrad. Gamzigrad-Romuliana is a fortified palace and a memorial complex of the Roman emperor from the time of the Tetrarchy, Gaius Valerius Galerius Maximianus.

It was built between 297 and 311, and intended to be the residence of the emperor after the vincenalia and his withdrawal from the throne. The ceremony of vincenalia was a part of the ideological programme of the Tetrarchy that anticipated the emperor's withdrawal from the throne after his twenty-year reign. This ceremony is therefore connected to their building this outstanding complex of objects surrounded by a monumental fortification intended for the imperial rituals.  

 

Gamzigrad - Felix Romuliana
Gamzigrad - Felix Romuliana

The double fortification was built in a short period of time and it comprises numerous buildings for public, presentation and private use. The fortification area is divided by the main street decumanus , the northern part intended for the ceremony and the emperor's residence, and the southern part, for public use.

The memorial complex on the adjacent hill is comprised of the mausoleum and the consecrated monuments erected for the purposes of the apotheosis of the emperor and his mother.

The late Roman fortified palace of Gamzigrad - Felix Romuliana was inscribed on UNESCO World Heritage List in 2007.

 
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