Posts Tagged ‘Constantinople’
Situated along the shores of the Marmara Sea and of the Bosporus Strait, Istanbul straddles the geographic border between Europe and Asia; one of the longest suspension bridges in the world now physically connects the two continents and two parts of the city.
The capital between 330 and 1453, as Constantinople, first of the Eastern Roman, then of the Byzantine Empires, it became between 1453 and 1923 the capital of one of the most highly developed empires – that of the Ottoman-Turks. Today it is “only” Turkey’s largest city and economic and cultural centre – Ankara having gained the title of “Capital”. Read the rest of this entry »
The city has been conquered, fought over and rebuilt many times over the centuries. İstanbul’s history dates back to the first settlement possibly in the 13th Century BC, although was founded by Byzas the Megarian in the 7th Century BC, from when the city was named Byzantium. A small colony of Greeks inhabited the area until 3rd Century BC, and over the next 1000 years became a thriving trading and commercial centre. Whilst continuing life as a trading city during the Roman Empire, it was then conquered by Emperor Septimus Severius in 193 AD. Read the rest of this entry »