Rab island covers 90.48 square km. It is one of the greenest islands in the Adriatic and probably one of the most magical. It is covered with pine forests and has beautiful sandy beaches.It is well known for its mild climate which is different from the mainland. The reason for this is that three ridges are present which protect the island from cold winds from the Velebit mountains. The main resort, Rab Town, is full of medieval buildings, built during the Venetian rule which occurred since the 13th century. The old town walls are still visible in some places. Medieval Rab town, one of the prettiest in the region, is built on a narrow peninsula which encloses a sheltered harbour – stone buildings climb from the harbour to a cliff overlooking the sea.