Santorini is also known by the name Thira which comes from the ancient Spartan Thiran who moved from Sparta and was the first resident of the island after the the eruption of the volcano which caused lots of destructions.
The name of Santorini comes from Byzantine years when Franks Crusaders passed from the island. Both names predispose visitors for the diverse history that is expected to meet during their stay in the island of Santorini. Also known but no such wide as Strogili (Round) because of the shape of the island and Kallisti (Beautiful) because of the exceptional beauty. More: Santorini Holidays – an experience you will never forget
Santorini is located in the southern Aegean Sea and belongs to the Cyclades islands. It lies 63 nautical miles from Crete and has an area of 75 square kilometers. Based on the population census of 2001, Santorini has a population of approximately 12,000 residents.
Santorini was inhabited for first time in 2000 BC. Originally from the Phoenicians and then by the Dorians. Then became part of the Minoan civilization. In 1520 BC the eruption of the volcano destroyed both the island of Santorini and the Minoan civilization. Centuries later (8th CBC), the Theban hero Thiran settled on the island for the first time since the disaster. Thiran came from Sparta and gave his name to the island. Since then and for many years the island called Thira. During the Byzantine period, Santorini is a Venetian occupation and the occupiers of the island called it Santorini (Santa Irini). The name remained until today. In 1951 a new strong eruption of the volcano causing damage to the island and in 1956 another natural phenomenon, the earthquake caused new damages resulting in the dramatically reduction of the population. During the latest years Santorini developed and today consists one of the top leading travel destinations in Greece, and every year, especially summer attracts thousands of tourists from around the world.
Fira is located on the west side of the island and can be reached either by teleferik, donkeys or on foot. Features by the white houses which are traditionally built and the endless view to the sea. Going north is another small village, Firostefani which is absolutely worth visiting if you are already at Santorini Island.