Wildlife of Mexico is rich and diverse. The vast differences in weather ensure that Mexico has a huge range of flora and fauna. Mexico has a rich collection of hardwoods, including ebony, mahogany, rosewood, and walnut. Mexico has a rich supply of pine, oak, cacao, and fir. The beans from the cacao plant are the source of chocolate.
Mexico is home to more than 30,000 flowering plants such as magnolia, frangipani, orchid, and bougainvillea. Most individuals associate Mexico with the cactus plant.
Marine life of Mexico is also diverse. Mackerel, whales, barracuda, sardine, shark, swordfish, and turtles are few of the species that inhabit the surrounding oceans. During winter, there is migration of thousands of gray whales from Bering Sea to the Baja Peninsula of Mexico.
Wildlife of Mexico includes lynxes, wolves, jaguars, bears, ocelots, pumas, monkeys, tapirs, lizards, crocodiles, iguanas, axolotl and snakes.
Mexico houses nearly 1,000 bird species such as macaws, parrots, flamingoes, toucans, and hummingbirds. The quetzal is renowned the world over for its soft feathers, which are used to produce ceremonial dress for the Indians. However, the species of quetzal is on the decline.
Similar to most countries, Mexico’s modernization has arrived at the cost of nature and environment. Mexico has seen rapid deforestation and air pollution. There has also been mammoth pollution of the rivers and oceans. Pesticides have caused many animals and birds to die. It has also led to development of diseases in human beings.
The following are the most remarkable species of wildlife in Mexico.
White Ibis: They are large, wading birds adorned in white. They have a thin bill that is curved downwards. They grow up to two feet in length. White ibises are found near lakes, rivers, ponds, marshes, bogs, and swamps.
Jabiru Stork: The stork is a wading bird having a black head and a mammoth bill that is generally black. A red ring is located at the bottom of the neck. The Jabiru Stork is extremely rare. It is often sighted in Sian Ka’an.
Yucatan Black Howler Monkey: These monkeys are large and have long hair. They are completely black with long tails. They are renowned for their characteristic roar, which is throaty. They are found in tall trees and in dry and wet forests.
Central American Spider Monkey: This is another large monkey. Their bodies are brown or reddish-brown in color. Their bellies have a lighter hue. Their wiry bodies are adorned with a long tail. Forests that are wet and dry are their home.
American Crocodile: These crocodiles are grayish in color with a brownish tinge. A narrow snout is characteristic of these crocodiles. They can grow up to 13 feet in length. However, this is a rare phenomenon.
Morelet’s Crocodile: This species of crocodile is much smaller, growing up to eight feet. It differs from the American crocodile because of its broader snout.
These were just some of the species of wildlife of Mexico.